Ireland is an island in N-V Europe with a total area of 84,421 km2, of which Northern Ireland, which belongs to Great Britain, occupies 14,139 km2. The Republic of Ireland is the westernmost member of the European Union and has a well-developed economy. Population exceeds 4.5 million (see 2012 statistical data). The capital is in Dublin and has an urban population of about 1,050,000 and a metropolitan area of approx. 1.66 million. The city is located on the banks of the River Liffey. The national currency is the Euro.
The island of Ireland is completely surrounded by the Atlantic, but the water section between the island and the UK is known as the Irish Sea. The western coast of the Republic of Ireland is made up of hills and mountains of low height, the highest peak being the Carrauntoohil of 1041 m. In the center of the country, we are predominantly in a favorable land for animal husbandry. The central area is crossed by rivers, the most important of which is Shannon, and here we also encounter an entire lake of lakes. Here are the most important peat bogs, which are among the most important natural resources of Ireland.